1. Regulatory Framework
1.1 Key Environmental Protection Policies, Principles and Laws
Constitutional and Legal Framework
The Constitution of India (the “Constitution”) provides a holistic foundation for Indian environmental law comprising Article 48-A (directive principles of state policy requiring the state to endeavour to protect and improve the environment and safeguard forests and wildlife) and Article 51A(g) (fundamental duty of citizen to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wildlife). The Supreme Court of India has interpreted the fundamental right to life guaranteed under Article 21 of the Constitution to include the right to live in a clean environment.
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The chapter wasco-authored by Amit Kapur, Akshat Jain, Sugandha Somani Gopal and Kartikeya GS. The chapter published by Chambers & Partners.