India’s energy transition and power system

With an estimated population of more than 1.3 billion (and counting) we have an ever-increasing demand for energy. India is home to 18% of the world’s population but uses only 6% of the world’s primary energy. According to the British Petroleum’s recent Energy Outlook Report, India’s energy consumption will more than double by 2050. As per CEA estimates, by 2029–30, the share of renewable energy generation in India will increase from 18% to 44% while that of thermal is expected to reduce from 78% to 52%.

The ambition

With nearly 80% of total power generation coming from coal, India has taken a very progressive leap of faith to push for the energy transition to non-fossil fuel-based power. At COP-26, India announced its intent to achieve 500GW of its installed capacity through non-fossil fuels with 50% of its energy requirement from renewables by 2030. By mid November 2021 the reported installed capacity for renewable sources including hydro exceeded 150 GW. The renewable energy (RE) capacity addition target of 400 GW in 8 years has goaded the Government to take this up in a mission mode.

Please refer to the below document to read the full article by Amit Kapur, published in EPC World.

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